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Kinetic Sculpture.  Mobile Art. 

Wikipedia defines Kinetic Art as "... art that contains moving parts or depends on motion for its effect. The moving parts are generally powered by wind, a motor or the observer. The term kinetic sculpture refers to a class of art made primarily from the late 1950s through 1960s. Kinetic art was first recorded by the sculptors Naum Gabo and Antoine Pevsner in their Realist Manifesto issued as part of a manifesto of constructivism in 1920 in Moscow. "Bicycle Wheel," of 1913, by Marcel Duchamp, is said to be the first kinetic sculpture...."

Theo Jansen of Holland with one of his mesmerizing and amazing kinetic sculptures.

According to one of the contributors to Glumbert, Theo "....Uses the crank shaft model to translate pedal movement into the circular motion of a wheel, thus maintaining his 'animals' level with the ground on impact.... Glad to see so many people excited by Jansen's work; a beautiful marriage between science and art. Keep your eyes peeled for more!..." See Wikipedia's writeup for more information.

"This Too Shall Pass" Video

glumbert - Kinetic Sculpture

Chris Fitch's Tantalus Mackerel, a kinetic sculpture depicting "... a frustrated fish trying to catch a bug..." For more video's of Chris' sculptures, CLICK HERE...or go to and see Chris's mechanical sculptures which draw their inspiration from the natural world, dance, and from the innate kinetic properties of the materials he works with, resulting in works that combine fine craftsmanship with a sophisticated and elegant mechanical vocabulary.

Make a Kinetic Work of Art

Tom Brewitz: Sculpture in Motion  Make a FREE Brewitz Pleated Kinetic work.

Kinetic Art: Mobiles, Kinetic Sculpture, Rolling Ball Sculpture

The Calder Foundation "... The Calder Foundation has been charged with a collection of Calder works that is unsurpassed in both scope and depth. This collection is comprised of thousands of pieces from all periods of Calder's life. It includes more than 450 sculptures (including mobiles, stabiles, standing mobiles, and wire sculptures), and 50 monumental outdoor works, as well as oil paintings, works on paper, toys, pieces of jewelry, and household objects. At any given time, a large number of these works are on public view, either in traveling exhibitions or on long-term loan to institutional collections (see Current Events)..."

West Dean Dollege offer course in building automata.

Polarized Light Clocks.. with gorgeous changing colors! 

Boilerplate: Mechanical Marvel of the Nineteenth Century "... Boilerplate was a mechanical man developed by Professor Archibald Campion during the 1880s and unveiled at the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition. Built in a small Chicago laboratory, Boilerplate was originally designed as a prototype soldier for use in resolving the conflicts of nations. Although it was the only such prototype, Boilerplate was eventually able to exercise its proposed function by participating in several combat actions..."

Bruce Gray:

Bryan Mavor: Kinetic Sculpture

Air Driven and Wind Mobiles

Tim Prentice  "If I can abdicate to the the endlessly imaginative movement of the air...I will have something that will sustain the viewer's interest for the longest possible time"

Multi-media Kinetic Art

CTP Design and Creation

Sharmanka Kinetic Gallery  An Amazing Mechanical Theatre. "....Hundreds of tiny carved figures and pieces of old scrap perform an incredible Heath- Robinson- meets- Hieronymous- Bosch choreography to haunting music and synchronized lighting, telling the funny and tragic stories of the struggle of the human spirit against the relentless circles of life and death...."

The Kineticon "....could be considered an enclosed, very elaborate train set but it's more than that," said Scott. It uses lights, water fountains, moving pieces of sculpture and the quarter that you put in to give you a minute and a half of motion and entertainment ...."

SHARMANKA   "(Russian for hurdy-gurdy)  was founded by sculptor-mechanic Eduard Bersudsky and theatre director Tatyana  Jakovskaya in St.Petersburg (Russia) in 1989. Hundreds of carved figures and pieces of old scrap perform an incredible choreography to haunting music and synchronised light, telling the funny and tragic stories of the human spirit as it struggles against the relentless circles of life and death."

Clock-work Kinetics

Kinetico Studios  Delightful clocks where men work away in realistic fashion, pushing cranking and pulling various levers and cranks in a realistic fashion to keep the clock running. Also has wonderful HUGE monumental public display clocks!

Wood The Works "....Mesmerizing, whimsical, entertaining, dynamic.... These spring driven kinetic sculptures are actually intricate wooden escapement mechanisms that fascinate and entertain viewers as they rhythmically, randomly and mysteriously move..."

Kinetic Sculpture and Mobile Art

Arthur Higgin's Kinetic Garden Sculptures "My Kinetic garden sculptures are either one of a kind or limited edition pieces that are activated by the energy of wind. Breeze is actually a better word because it takes very little to make these sculptures move. The primary idea behind all my work is to see shapes move in space. The quality of movement, therefore is critical. The movement must be fluid, graceful, and elegant. The shapes of my designs, even the figurative ones, have been manipulated to complement the motion so there is synergy between shape and movement."

Art Ganson Machines "... Mr. Ganson, who describes himself as a cross between a mechanical engineer and a choreographer, creates contraptions from materials including delicate wire, welded steel and concrete. Most are viewer-activated or driven by electric motors. All are driven by a wry sense of humor or a probing philosophical concept... Read rest of review

Carl Pisaturo Robotic sculpture, intelligent lighting, and more.

George Baker: Kinetic Sculpture ".. Welcome to the authorized site devoted to the art and life of George Baker (1931-1997). He is known principly for a remarkable series of some of the largest kinetic monumental sculptures in the world, including enormous fountains, wind sculptures, and motorized works in the Unxited States, Europe, and Japan; as well as innumerable smaller kinetic pieces of diverse configurations. As you will find from exploring this site, however, his earlier non-kinetic sculptures were at least as as diverse, imaginative, and masterful as the later work, and were the source of his early international recognition..."


Kugelbahn "....devoted to the subject of Rolling Ball Sculptures, curious machines, mechanical sculptures and other 'moving' art (generally called kinetic art)...."

Jean Tinguely "... was a Swiss painter and sculptor. He is best known for his sculptural machines or kinetic art, in the Dada tradition; known officially as metamechanics...."

Les Machines de l’Ile

Mark Bischof  "After years of experimentation in working wood and developing a varied range of art objects, Mark has found his preference is creating machines that work solely on the basis of gravitation and must be set in motion by hand. Transparency of construction is an important characteristic of these kinetic works, and an essential part of their attraction. One can always follow in detail what's happening and the delightful ways in which they move."

Mobiles and Kinetic Sculpture

Modern Automata Museum

Paul Walboom: Kinetic Objects, Animated Art

Reuben Margolin

The Mobile Factory ""My art is a reflection of nature and of the human spirit
in that we find the most beautiful and enigmatic objects are those that float above us.  Our mind prepares us to be amazed, as we look skyward"
- Unigami

Museums, Galleries and Organizations Showcasing and Celebrating Kinetic and Innovative Mechanical Art

American Visionary Art Museum (Baltimore)  "....Not only is the museum the national repository for the artworks created by self-taught artists, the building's architecture is an artistic creation unto itself -winning many international and national awards for its design and beauty. Our venue is easily accessible by foot (a 15 minute walk from the Convention Center) or by water transport (Water Taxi or Harbor Shuttle) and convenient to all of Baltimore's downtown attractions...."

We had a wonderful visit to the AVAM on our last trip to Baltimore.There are many delightful facets to this wonderful little museum, with the permanent display of automata alone worth the trip! The grounds are sprinkled with all sorts of delightful outsider art, including a gigantic amazing egg mosaiced with glass and mirror shards.

Kinetica Museum of Kinetic, Electronic and Experimental Art "... aims to actively encourage the convergence of art and technology, providing an alternative platform to static traditional forms of art such as painting and sculpture. The museum champions artistic innovation of all kinds and showcases work which explores the interwoven complexities between scientific developments and the human condition. Our vision is to create both a historical and contemporary art collection of seminal and cutting-edge multi-disciplinary works that date back from the 1950s through to the present day, focusing on the pioneering and influential importance of such works. In its first phase, Kinetica Museum successfully established itself as one of London's premier artistic centres and received international recognition for its dynamic series of exhibitions, workshops, performances and artist talks. This phase of the project, which launched in October 2006, revolved around Kinetica's high-profile exhibition space in central London, where, some of the most important examples of kinetic, technological and electronic art, both past and present were showcased through seven major exhibitions. For the second phase, the museum will become truly kinetic with a series of exhibitions planned around the globe...."

Experimentia "Where Technology and Creativity Meet"

Kinetic Art and Sculpture Organizations and Magazines/Publications

Kinetic Art Organization


Neomatic Kinetic Sculpture
A collection of found object kinetic sculptures by Nemo Gould

If you enjoyed Kinetic Sculpture. Mobile Art. you also might like:
Science Toys
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Culture: Art
Culture: Outsider Art
Robots and Robotics

Bernward Frank's Kinetische Objekte  Large outdoor contemporary kinetic pieces.

Kinetic Artists and Kinetic Art Books

George Rickey "... Rickey combined his love of engineering and mechanics, Smith's graceful, yet solid, cubic forms, and the mobiles of Alexander Calder. Rickey was able to design sculptures whose metal parts moved in response to the slightest air currents. These parts were often very large, sometimes weighing hundreds of pounds.... In works such as Two Open Triangles Up Gyratory Rickey's two wind driven elements (geared down so that in high winds the parts are not dangerous) provide an endless series of combined, almost dance like, shapes and movements..."

Kinetic Sculpture Races

"...From the American Visionary Art Museum - A race of wacky, imaginative, TOTALLY HUMAN POWERED WORKS OF ART DESIGNED TO TRAVEL ON LAND, THROUGH MUD, AND OVER DEEP HARBOR WATERS constructed out of used bicycles, gears, and parts, created by a lunatic genius who tinkers around in the garage or backyard (Do you know this person?) The machines can be simple, small crafts, piloted by only one brave soul, or they can be over 50 feet long, extremely well-engineered, sophisticated vehicles powered by a team of pilots...."

According to Wikipedia "... A Kinetic sculpture race is an organized contest of human-powered amphibious all-terrain works of art. They are sometimes known as "Triathlons of the Art World" because art and engineering are combined with physical endurance for a race lasting hours or days..."

Baltimore Kinetic Sculpture Race "... Kinetic Sculptures are amphibious, human powered works of art custom built for the race. Each May, the American Visionary Art Museum (AVAM) hosts the East Coast Kinetic Sculpture Race Championship on the shore of Baltimore's Inner Harbor in central Maryland.  The eight-hour race covers 15 miles--mostly on pavement, but also including a trip into the Chesapeake Bay and through mud and sand...."

Corvallis Oregon's Da Vinci Days Kinetic Sculpture Race "... Racer or spectator, get ready for our human-powered, all-terrain competition with road-worthy, mud-sloshing, water-slogging kinetic sculptures!..."

Kinetic Sculpture Race of Ventura "... Where Art and Engineering Collide"

Klamath Kinetic Challenge "..

Prescott Valley AZ Kinetic Sculpture Race "...

Arcata to Ferndale World Championship Kinetic Sculpture Race

The concept for the race began in 1969 when Ferndale artist Hobart Brown decided to make his son's tricycle into a mobile sculpture.  This led to a bet over who could build the best (or weirdest) human powered sculpture. Five contestents battled for the glory with Bob Brown, a Eureka metal sculptor, winning the race in his ten-foot turtle. Now, the Race runs from Arcata to Ferndale over the three days of Memorial Day weekend each year. The route is roughly 38 miles of road, water, sand and mud!

Sky Dance Kinetic Sculpture by David C. Roy

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